Ellipses Punctuation Rules and Examples

Ellipses are an interesting punctuation mark in English writing with a variety of uses. Let’s explore their usage, rules, and examples.

Ellipses: ...

Omission of Words:

Ellipses are used to show that some words have been omitted from a sentence or quote. They allow you to shorten long quotations by leaving out irrelevant parts.

Example: Original: “She went to the store, bought some milk, and then went home.” With ellipses: “She went to the store … then went home.”

Pause or Hesitation:

Ellipses can be used to show a pause or hesitation in speech, either in dialogue or to create a particular effect in non-dialogue text.

Example: “I don’t know … maybe we should ask someone else.”

Trailing Off:

They can indicate that a thought is trailing off or incomplete, leaving something unsaid.

Example: “If only she had paid attention … “

Building Suspense:

Ellipses can be used to build suspense or create a dramatic effect.

Example: “The door creaked open, and there in the darkness …”

Spacing and Formatting:

Typically, ellipses are formed by three consecutive periods, sometimes with spaces between them. It may vary according to different style guides.

Examples: “…” or “. . .”

Avoid Overuse:

Using ellipses too often can make writing appear disjointed or unclear. It’s best to use them sparingly for specific effects.


Ellipses provide a way to condense text, convey pauses or hesitations, or create a particular mood or tone. They are versatile tools that can enhance the flow and expressiveness of writing.

See also  Exclamation Mark Punctuation Rules and Examples


Ellipses are a series of three dots used in writing for various purposes such as indicating omissions, pauses, or incomplete thoughts. Understanding how to use ellipses effectively can add depth and nuance to your writing, allowing you to communicate more complex emotions and thoughts. Proper use of ellipses can make writing more engaging and expressive, inviting the reader to fill in the gaps and connect more deeply with the text.

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