Adjectives – Definition, Types, and Examples

Adjectives are one of the eight parts of speech in the English language. They play a crucial role in adding flavor and detail to our communication. By understanding adjectives, we can express ourselves more clearly and colorfully. This article covers what adjectives are, their different types, and how they are used in sentences.

Adjective Definition:

An adjective is a word that describes or modifies a noun or a pronoun. It provides more information about a person, place, thing, or idea. Adjectives can describe qualities such as size, color, emotion, or number.


  • Color: red apple, blue sky
  • Size: big house, small mouse
  • Emotion: happy child, sad clown
  • Number: three dogs, several books

Types of Adjectives:

Descriptive Adjectives:
Descriptive adjectives describe the qualities of nouns. They provide more detail.
Example: The beautiful flower bloomed.

Quantitative Adjectives:
Quantitative adjectives tell us the quantity of nouns.
Example: She has many friends.

Demonstrative Adjectives:
Demonstrative adjectives point out particular nouns.
Example: This book is interesting.

Possessive Adjectives:
Possessive adjectives show ownership.
Example: Her dress is stylish.

Interrogative Adjectives:
Interrogative adjectives are used in questions.
Example: Which route will we take?

Comparative and Superlative Adjectives:
These adjectives compare nouns.

  • Example: She is taller than me. (Comparative)
  • Example: He is the tallest in the class. (Superlative)

Indefinite Adjectives:
Indefinite adjectives describe nouns in a vague manner.
Example: Several people attended the meeting.

    Adjectives in Sentences:

    Adjectives usually come before the nouns they describe, but sometimes they can come after verbs like ‘is’, ‘are’, ‘was’, ‘were’.

    • Example: The quick fox jumps. (Before noun)
    • Example: The fox is quick. (After verb)
    See also  Verbs - Definition, Types, and Examples


    Understanding and using adjectives effectively can significantly enrich our language and help convey our messages more vividly. As learners advance, exploring the different types of adjectives and their usage will become an exciting aspect of mastering the English language.

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