Extravagance Meaning, Root Word, Synonyms, Antonyms

Extravagance Meaning

The word “extravagance” refers to the act of spending more than is necessary or the quality of being lavish and excessive. It often implies a lack of restraint in spending money or using resources. Extravagance can relate to various aspects of life, including but not limited to, personal lifestyle, events, or even a government’s use of public funds. While the term usually carries a negative connotation, suggesting wastefulness or imprudence, it can sometimes be used to describe something exceptionally good or luxurious without any negative implications.

What Part of Speech is Extravagance

The word “extravagance” is a noun. Nouns are words that represent people, places, things, or ideas. In this case, “extravagance” represents an idea or a quality, specifically the idea of being excessive or overly luxurious.

How Extravagance is Used in Different Parts of Speech

“Extravagance” is primarily used as a noun, but its root word “extravagant” serves as an adjective.

  • As a Noun: “His extravagance has led him into debt.”
  • Root Word as an Adjective: “She wore an extravagant dress to the party.”

Extravagance Root Word / Origin of Extravagance

The word “extravagance” comes from the Latin word “extravagantia,” which means ‘wandering outside or beyond.’ The term is made up of ‘extra-‘ meaning ‘outside of’ and ‘vagari’ meaning ‘to wander.’ Over time, the word evolved to take on its modern meaning related to excessive spending or behavior.

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Extravagance Synonyms in Different Contexts

The word “extravagance” can be replaced by various synonyms depending on the context:

  • In Financial Contexts: Wastefulness, profligacy, improvidence
  • In General Use: Opulence, lavishness, luxury

Extravagance Antonyms in Different Contexts

The antonyms for “extravagance” can also vary based on the context:

  • In Financial Contexts: Frugality, economy, thrift
  • In General Use: Simplicity, modesty, restraint

Use of Extravagance in a Sentence

Understanding a word becomes easier when you see it used in a sentence. Here are some examples:

  • As a Noun: “The extravagance of the royal wedding was talked about for months.”
  • Root Word as an Adjective: “The extravagant fireworks display amazed everyone.”

By understanding the term “extravagance,” you can more accurately describe situations or behaviors that involve excessiveness or luxury. Whether you are talking about a person’s lifestyle or a grand event, knowing how to use this word can help you communicate more effectively.

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